Alternative Cold War History 1994

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Navy of Serbia and Montenegro

The Navy of Serbia and Montenegro was largely made up of ships that escaped the naval base at Split Croatia during the Croatian civil war in 1991. These ships joined a few ships which were already based at Kotor Montenegro to reform the fleet. Several ships were damaged and captured by Croatia in the fighting while two submarines were evacuated on the surface because they were undergoing repairs and refit, because Kotor lacks the proper facilities, these two submarines are destined to be scrapped.

NATO operations under the auspices of OPERATION MARITIME GUARD followed by OPERATION SHARP GUARD have severely curtailed operations but local coastal patrols continue.


Koni Class two key ships to escape Croatia were the Koni class Frigates VPBR-31 Beograd and VPBR-32 Podgorica formerly RF-31 Split and RF-32 Koper. Neither very large nor very modern, this ship still causes NATO and Italy in particular grave concern as they are the most potent threat ships permanently based in the Mediterranean. The 4K33 "Osa-M" Surface to Air Missile (SAM) launcher ( SA-N-4 Gecko), has 20 reloads giving the ship a moderate missile umbrella out to about 13Km. The ASW suite is decent and she carries 2x 76mm guns as well as 2x 30mm cannons acting as a last ditch Close in Weapons System (CIWS).

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Koni VPBR-31 Beograd Active
VPBR-32 Podgorica Active

Kotor Class These two ships were designed and built in Yugoslavia and were based on the Koni class with some improvements and repositioning of the Anti-Ship missiles. They displace about 25% less than the Koni class and are 9 meters shorter.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Kotor VPBR-33 Kotor Active
VPBR-34 Novi Sad Active

Missile Boats

Končar Class These ships were completely designed and built in Yugoslavia as an eventual replacement for the Osa class. Firing an improved missile, the P-15 (S-N-2C) Styx SSM, the main improvement was to make these roughly equivalent to the Soviet Osa II boats and more capable than the Osa I purchased in the 1960s. They are also ten years newer than the Osa’s and helped to establish a modern shipbuilding industry in Yugoslavia. One ship was captured by the Croatians (RTOP-402, Vlado Ćetković) and put to use as the Šibenik.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Končar RTOP-401 Rade Končar Active
RTOP-402 Vlado Ćetković Captured Croatian Šibenik
RTOP-403 Ramiz Sadiku Active
RTOP-404 Hasan Zahirović-Laca Active
RTOP-405 Jordan Nikolov Orce Active
RTOP-406 Ante Banina Active

Osa Class The Yugoslavian Navy took delivery of ten Osa I boats, all of which were supposed to retire in the mid 1990s. Two of these boats were captured by the Croatians, one was put into commission while the other was sunk as a target ship.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Osa I RC-301 Mitar Acev Captured Croatian Dubrovnik
RC-302 Vlado Bagat Active
RC-303 Petar Drapšin Active
RC-304 Stjepan Filipović-Stevo Active
RC-305 Žikica Jovanović-Španac Active
RC-306 Nikola Martinović Active
RC-307 Josip Mažar Active
RC-308 Karlo Rojc Active
RC-309 Franc Rozman-Stane Active
RC-310 Velimir Škorpik Sunk Captured and sunk as target

Torpedo Boats

Shershen Class: Four of these boats were purchased from the Soviet Union while the other 10 were built under licence in Yugoslavia. All were obsolete by 1994 and historically were in various levels of readiness. Croatia captured two, but one was so damaged that it was not put into service and sunk as a target instead.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Shershen TČ-211 Pionir Active
TČ-212 Partizan Active
TČ-213 Proleter Active
TČ-214 Topčider Active
TČ-215 Ivan Active
TČ-216 Jadran Active
TČ-217 Kornat Active
TČ-218 Biokovac Active
TČ-219 Streljko Sunk Captured and sunk as target
TČ-220 Crvena zvezda Active
TČ-221 Partizan III Captured Croatian OBM-51 Vukovar
TČ-222 Partizan II Active
TČ-223 Napredak Active
TČ-224 Pionir II Active

Patrol Boats

Mirna Class This is a small (140 Ton) class of patrol boat designed and built in Yugoslavia. Armed with a 40mm and quad 20mm cannon, these boats are fast and maneuverable. Croatia captured and is using three of the 11 boats built.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Mirna PČ-171 Biokovo Captured Croatian OB-01 Novigrad
PČ-172 Pohorje Active
PČ-173 Koprivnik Active
PČ-174 Učka Active
PČ-175 Grmeč Active
PČ-176 Mukos Captured Croatian OB-02 Šolta
PČ-177 Fruška Gora Active
PČ-178 Kosmaj Active
PČ-179 Zelengora Active
PČ-180 Cer Captured Croatian OB-03 Cavtat
PČ-181 Durmitor Captured Croatian OB-04 Hrvatska Kostajnica


Heroj Class These three boats were designed and built in Yugoslavia in the 1960s, all relocated to Montenegro but P-821 Heroj was undergoing refit at the time and remains unserviceable.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
P-821 Heroj Refit
P-822 Janak Active
P-823 Uskok Active

Sava Class These two boats were developed after the Heroj class and represent an improvement on the design with more armaments, two additional torpedo tubes and better minelaying equipment. Both escaped to Montenegro at the outbreak of the Croatian civil war but P-832 Drava was undergoing a major refit which was never completed.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
P-831 Sava Active
P-832 Drava Refit