Alternative Cold War History 1994

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Navy

Romanian Navy

The Romanian navy, is a small coastal defence force but supporting a domestic ship building capability. The main role of the navy was to support the Soviet Black Sea Fleet in times of crisis but a critical secondary role was the riverine elements along the Danube River. The Danube is a critical element in the resupply of the Army units that deploy westward into Balkans, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and even Germany. This page will be limited to the Black Sea flotilla, and will leave the river flotilla for later development.

The fleet is based in two Black Sea locations; Constanta, and Mangalia with the Frigate and submarine based at the former and the corvettes at the later.

Frigate

The flagship of the Romanian navy is the locally designed and built Mărășești. Initially commissioned in ’86 the ship has spent half its life in refit to address design problems and is now christened with its third name, and third classification. As a Frigate, this is a marginally capable ship, it has outdated Surface to Surface missiles and SAMs, is slow by most standards and very large for its type.

Corvettes

Tetal Class. Another home grown design, these ships have no missiles and focus on ASW operations. The Tetal-II sub class has one gun turret removed and replaced by a helicopter landing deck.

Class Pennant Name Remarks
Tetal-I F-260 Amiral Petre Barbuneanu
F-261 Vice-Amiral Vasile Scodrea
F-262 Vice-Amiral Vasile Urseanu
F-263 Vice-Amiral Eugeniu Rosca
Tetal-II F-264 Contraamiral Eustațiu Sebastian
F-265 Contraamiral Horia Macellariu

Missile Boats

Tarantul Class The Romanian Navy received three of this class from 1990-92 from the Soviet Back Sea Fleet. With 4x P-15M (S-N-2C) Styx, Surface to Surface Missiles (SSM) and high speed (42 Knts), this is a potent little ship, weighing in at 495 tons.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Tarantul I F-188 Zborul Active
F-189 Pescăruşul Active
F-190 Lăstunul Active

Osa Class The Romanian Navy took delivery of three Osa I and three Osa II boats. The main improvement between the two sub classes was an improved version of the P-15 (S-N-2C) Styx SSM. All were based at Atia. The Osa I boats are in reserve and will take several days to activate.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Osa I F-195 Vulturul Reserve Project 205
F-198 Eretele Reserve
F-199 Albatrosul Reserve
Osa II F-202 Smeul Active Project 205U
F-204 Vijelia Active
F-209 Vulcanul Active

ASW Corvettes

Poti Class These rugged little ships provided excellent service and had a good ASW suite in a small package. The Romanian Navy operated three of these ships.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
MPK-31 Active
MPK-32 Active
MPK-33 Active

Submarines

Delfinul (Kilo) Class Romania has one submarine of the very capable and dangerous Kilo class. In the shallow waters of the Black sea and the confined space of the shipping lanes, this is a very potent threat, particularly to Turkish naval units.