Alternative Cold War History 1994

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Navy

Polish Navy

The Polish navy is relatively small and focused on sea control and amphibious operations within the Baltic Sea. Largely equipped and trained by the Soviet Navy, the PMW (Marynarka Wojenna Polskiej or Polish War Fleet) essentially forms an extension to Soviet Baltic Sea Fleet. Although the fleets are interdependent, they were previously designed to operate with the East German Fleet as well – so there are some gaps in capabilities which the Soviets have striven to make up as the Pols were unable to assist. The Polish fleet has largely been languishing for the past 18 months, suffering from the internal strife which has riddled the country, although a core of dedicated and motivated naval officers maintained basic levels of training, there has been little motivation and even less funding for exercises involving more than a few ships since 1991. The prefex for Polish warships is ORP (Warship of the Republic of Poland) and the fleet is based at two key locations; Gdynie-Oksywie is the main base for ships, submarines, training and aviation while Świnoujście near the German border is used for coastal defence ships.

Destroyer (DDG)

The one large combat ship is a Modified Kashin class DDG ORP Warszawa 271, formerly the Smelyy in the Soviet Navy it was sold to Poland in 1988 to replace the Kotlin Class ship of the same name. A well rounded ship with good anti-surface, air defence and anti-submarine (ASW) capabilities, the main drawback was the lack of a hangar for the helicopter but in the restricted waters of the Baltic, the landing platform was probably sufficient.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Kashin Mod 271 Warszawa Active

Submarines

Kilo Class: The single Kilo class (Project 877E) was transferred to Poland in 1986 and is the centerpiece of the submarine force. In the shallow, noisy waters of the Baltic Sea this boat is a very capable opponent.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Kilo 291 Orzel Active

Foxtrot Class: Two Foxtrot class (Project 641) transferred to the Polish Navy in 1987, these boats are far less capable than the Kilo class but still able to operate effectively due to the noisy confines of the Baltic.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Foxtrot 292 Wilk Active
293 Gryf Active

Whisky V Class: The four boats of this class were transferred to the Polish Navy in 1965 and retied into reserve in 1985 as the newer boats arrived. It will take 60-90 days to make these boats operational again.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Whisky V 292 Orzel Reserve
293 Sokół Reserve
294 Kondor Reserve
295 Bielik Reserve

Fast Attack Craft (FAC)

Tarantul Class

The most important class of missile craft in the Polish navy are the four Tarantul class boats built in the 1980s. These very capable ships carry 4x P-20M (SS-N-2D Improved Styx) radar or infra-red (IR) guided anti-ship missiles (ASM) with a range 44 Nautical Miles. Strela-2M (SA-N-5 Grail) MANPADS (Man Portable Air Defence System), a 76mm gun and two 30mm Gatling guns. With a top speed of 42 Knots and both electronic and physical defensive countermeasures these are very potent foes in the restricted waters of the Baltic Sea.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Górnik 434 Górnik Active
435 Hutnik Active
436 Metalowiec Active
437 Rolnik Active

Osa I Class

These 14 ships were transferred from the Soviet Union to Poland in the mid 1960s and in the late 1980s two were decommissioned and placed into reserve with a third deactivating in early 1994. Additionally three boats are due to be transferred to the Coast Guard but in Northern Fury, this transfer is stalled, they are currently unmanned and unmaintained but have retained their weapons systems.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Osa I 421 Hel Reserve
422 Gdansk Reserve
423 Gdynia Coast Guard
424 Kolobrzeg Deactivating
425 Szczecin Coast Guard
426 Elblag Coast Guard
427 Puck Active
428 Ustka Active
429 Oksywie Active
430 Darlowo Active
431 Swinoujscie Active
432 Dziwnow Active
433 Wladyslawowo Active

ASW Corvette

Kaszub

The sole ship of this class, the ORP Kaszub was designed and built in Poland with the intent of being the lead ship of seven. Problems in both the design and construction lead to the decision to terminate the class, and when commissioned the ship lacked many of the weapons that were planned. The 76mm gun was fitted in 1991 but the planned SAMs (SA-N-4 Gecko) were replaced by Strela MANPADS. She also has a 35mm cannon, four 23mm cannon in twin mounts, RBS ASW launchers and torpedo tubes.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Kaszub 240 Kaszub Active

Patrol Craft (PC)/Fast Patrol Craft (PCF)

Orkan class

These three ships were designed by East Germany as FAC where their hulls were constructed. When Germany re-unified the hulls were towed to Poland for completion as PCFs, and eventually (2006) converted to their original role. These ships have a speed of over 40 Knots, a 76mm gun, 30mm Gatling gun, MANPADS and Machine guns. Generally they are comparable to the Tarantuls except for the SSMs.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Górnik 421 Orkan Active
422 Piorun Active
423 Grom Active

Obluz class

The 12 ships in this class are 200 Ton PC armed with two 30mm cannon and depth charges.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Obluz Fala Active
Szkwal Active
Zefir Active
Zorza Active
Tecza Active
Wytrwaly Active
Grozny Active
Zawziety Active
Zwinny Active
Zwronty Active
Zreczny Active
Nieugiety Active
Czujny Active

Pilica class

The 16 craft in this class are small (100 ton), fast (28 Knots) and flexable. With a crew of only 12 sailors but armed with torpedoes, 23mm cannon and potentially MANPADS, they cannot be ignored.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Pilica 161 Active
162 Active
163 Active
164 Active
165 Active
166 Active
167 Active
168 Active
169 Active
170 Active
171 Active
172 Active
173 Active
174 Active
175 Active
176 Active

Patrol Boats (PB): About 20 are active with several others in reserve. These are generally small craft armed with light cannon and machine guns. There are two Kaper Class which are larger but unarmed, 12 Wisloka Class, three Oksywie class, nine Gdansk class – some in reserve, and seven KP100 class in reserve.

Mine Craft (MS, ML, MCM): Mine warfare is a major threat in the shallow Baltic waters, therefore Poland has places significant effort in this area. About 30 mine warfare ships are active while many more are in reserve. Eight Grozny class ML, 13 Goplo class Coastal MS, two Leniwka Class Coastal MS, 11 Orlik class – some in reserve, 12 Zubr class MCM in reserve, 32 K-8 class MS in reserve.

Amphibious Ships (LST, LC): Polish shipyards designed and built the Polnochny Class LSTs in use throughout the Warsaw Pact. Able to transport 10-12 armored vehicles, 250 troops and 250 tons of stores these ships come in three main versions (A, B, C) with an derivative command version also in use. With over 100 built by 1994 it is not surprising that Poland is a primary user of this type of ship holding 26 in service, although 15 of the older ships are in reserve.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Grunwald Grunwald Active Polnochny C Command ship
Lublin 821 Lublin Active Polnochny C
822 Gniezno Active Polnochny C
823 Krakow Active Polnochny C
824 Poznan Active Polnochny C
825 Torun Active Polnochny C
Janow 806 Janow Active Polnochny B
807 Rablow Active Polnochny B
808 Narwik Active Polnochny B
809 Glogow Active Polnochny B
810 Cedynia Active Polnochny B
Gdynia Gdynia Reserve Polnochny A
Glogow Reserve Polnochny A
San Reserve Polnochny A
Warta Reserve Polnochny A
Lenino Lenino Reserve Polnochny A
Studzianki Reserve Polnochny A
Siekierki Reserve Polnochny A
Brda Reserve Polnochny A
Polichno Reserve Polnochny A
Rablow Reserve Polnochny A
Janow Reserve Polnochny A
Narwik Reserve Polnochny A
Odra Reserve Polnochny A
Falaise Reserve Polnochny A
Budziszyn Reserve Polnochny A

Additionaly there are about 20 Landing Craft (LC); 15x Eichstaden Class (LC857-871) and 4x Deba Class (LC516-519)

https://www.worldnavalships.com/polish_navy.htm

http://www.seaforces.org/marint/Polish-Navy/ships.htm