Alternative Cold War History 1994

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Air

Czechoslovakian Air Force

The Czechoslovakian Air Force operates almost 800 aircraft including 140 helicopters, about 150 training aircraft, 30 transports and almost 500 combat aircraft. Over half of the combat aircraft however are MiG-21 which would have difficulty against NATOs front line fighter force. As compensation for the large number of troops remaining in Czechoslovakian territory the Soviets have augmented their brethren somewhat; in particular they have given the Czechs a squadron (12) of Su-27 multi role fighters, added another four (4) MiG-29s to the recent acquisition, exchanged a squadron of older MiG-23s for new MiG-23MLDs (12) and acquired some additional Su-22s and Su-25s. These additions go some of the way to upgrading the Czechoslovakian air defence forces, as does another addition on an S-300 battalion to replace one of the older S-75M units.

Su-27

Czechoslovakia is the first country outside the USSR to receive this very advanced 4th generation multi-role aircraft. In Northern Fury these aircraft were not sent to China in 1992, and instead the ‘SK’ or export variants were delivered to Czechoslovakia, negotiations with China are still ongoing but it is unlikely they will be concluded for some time. The transfer took place in early 1993 with flight training in the USSR, there are several Soviet pilots on staff with the Squadron to assist with advanced training and tactics but there are no two seat training aircraft available and pilots need to go to the Soviet Union for qualification and re-certification if needed. Although capable of air to ground missions, these aircraft are used primarily in the air defence role as part of the 11th Fighter Regiment along with the MiG-29s.

1st Sqn 11th Ftr Regt 3rd AD Div Žatec AB SU-27SK 12 Limited air to ground munitions

MiG-29

Originally 20 of these high performance multi-role aircraft were delivered by 1991; this number included two MiG-29UB 2-seat trainers. Since this time four more aircraft were delivered and they were consolidated into two squadrons of the 11th Fighter Regiment. Together with the Su-27s these aircraft represent a massive improvement in capability from the 1980’s and provide a real threat to NATO aircraft.

2nd Sqn 11th Ftr Regt 3rd AD Div Žatec AB MiG-29A 12
3rd Sqn 11th Ftr Regt 3rd AD Div Žatec AB MiG-29A 10
MiG-29UB 2

MiG-23

The Czechoslovakian air force has a mix of air superiority and ground support variants and has concentrated these aircraft into two units. Two Northern Fury events have augmented the Czech holding of this type. Originally there were 32 modern ‘BN’ (NATO name Flogger H) variants used for ground support and that remains extant; however, in the 1st Fighter Regiment there were 36 older ‘MF’ (Flogger B) air superiority fighters and about a dozen modern ‘ML’ (Flogger G) types. With the unification of Germany there were surplus MiGs-23s available which were more recent than those in use so a deal was cut where enough Flogger G’s were provided to outfit two squadrons while the other two squadrons stayed with the Flogger B’s. Finally in 1993, as part of the deal with the Soviet Union both of the Flogger B squadrons were to be updated to the very latest ‘MLD’ (Flogger K) in exchange for the older airframes, only one squadron has completed the exchange by the time Northern Fury starts.

1st Sqn 1st Ftr Regt 3rd AD Div České Budějovice MiG-23MLD 12 Flogger K
2nd Sqn 1st Ftr Regt 3rd AD Div České Budějovice MiG-23MF 12 Flogger B
3rd Sqn 1st Ftr Regt 3rd AD Div České Budějovice MiG-23ML 12 Flogger G
4th Sqn 1st Ftr Regt 3rd AD Div České Budějovice MiG-23ML 12 Flogger G
1st Sqn 28th Ftr/Bmbr Regt 34th FB Div Čáslav MiG-23BN 16 Flogger H
2nd Sqn 28th Ftr/Bmbr Regt 34th FB Div Čáslav MiG-23BN 16 Flogger H

MiG-21

Over 260 MiG-21s remain in service in the Czechoslovakian air force, from the antique MiG-21F-13s (Fishbed C) still used in training through the second (Fishbed D & F) and third generation (Fishbed J) of these ubiquitous aircraft. The Czechoslovak uprising in 68 probably had something to do with none of the later types being in use, but those that are in service are used for all roles, training, reconnaissance, air superiority and ground attack, although these latter two roles would be quite risky against modern NATO fighters.

1st Sqn 4th Ftr Regt 1st Ftr Div Pardubice MiG-21MF 16 Fishbed J
2nd Sqn 4th Ftr Regt 1st Ftr Div Pardubice MiG-21MF 16 Fishbed J
3rd Sqn 4th Ftr Regt 1st Ftr Div Pardubice MiG-21MF 16 Fishbed J
1st Sqn 5th Ftr Regt 1st Ftr Div Dobřany MiG-21MF 16 Fishbed J
2nd Sqn 5th Ftr Regt 1st Ftr Div Dobřany MiG-21MF 16 Fishbed J
3rd Sqn 5th Ftr Regt 1st Ftr Div Dobřany MiG-21MA 16 Fishbed J
1st Sqn 6th Ftr/Bmbr Regt 34th FB Div Přerov MiG-21MF 16 Fishbed J
1st Sqn 8th Ftr Regt 2nd AD Div Brno–Tuřany MiG-21PF 16 Fishbed D
2nd Sqn 8th Ftr Regt 2nd AD Div Brno–Tuřany MiG-21PFM 16 Fishbed F
3rd Sqn 8th Ftr Regt 2nd AD Div Brno–Tuřany MiG-21PFM 16 Fishbed F
1st Sqn 9th Ftr Regt 1st Ftr Div Bechyně MiG-21PF 16 Fishbed D
2nd Sqn 9th Ftr Regt 1st Ftr Div Bechyně MiG-21PFM 16 Fishbed F
3rd Sqn 9th Ftr Regt 1st Ftr Div Bechyně MiG-21PFM 16 Fishbed F
4rd Sqn 9th Ftr Regt 1st Ftr Div Bechyně MiG-21PFM 16 Fishbed F
1st Sqn 47th Air Recce Regt 10th Air Army Hradec Králové Mig-21R 24 Fishbed H
1st Trg Regt (4 Sqns) Air Trg Wing Přerov MiG-21F-13 80 Fishbed C

Su-22

Historically, Czechoslovakia acquired 49 Su-22M4 and 8 two seat Su-22UM3Ks in 1992, these are the very latest in this family of Fighter Bomber and in Northern Fury this acquisition has been increased to 65 single and 10 double seat versions. Negotiations are ongoing for an additional 32 airframes to replace the remaining MiG-21s in the 6th Fighter/Bomber Regt and round out a third squadron in the 20th Fighter/Bomber Regt. The trickle-down effect of this proposed acquisition is the retirement of the Fishbed D’s in the Force.

2nd Sqn 6th Ftr/Bmbr Regt 34th FB Div Přerov Su-22M-4 14 Fitter K
Su-22UM3K 2 Fitter G
3rd Sqn 6th Ftr/Bmbr Regt 34th FB Div Přerov Su-22M-4 14 Fitter K
Su-22UM3K 2 Fitter G
1st Sqn 20th Ftr/Bmbr Regt 34th FB Div Náměšť nad Su-22M-4 14 Fitter K
Su-22UM3K 2 Fitter G
2nd Sqn 20th Ftr/Bmbr Regt 34th FB Div Náměšť nad Su-22M-4 14 Fitter K
Su-22UM3K 2 Fitter G
2nd Sqn 47th Air Recce Regt 10th Air Army Hradec Králové Su-22M-4 8 Fitter K
Su-22UM3K 2 Fitter G

Su-25

To fulfill the close support ground attack function in close cooperation with army units, Czechoslovakia, as well as most other WP countries, acquired the Su-25, the Soviet equivalent to the American A-10 Warthog. In the late ‘80s the Soviets produced well over 1000 of these aircraft and 36 Su-25K were sent to the Czechs, plus two dual control trainers (Su-25UBK). In Northern fury Soviet production of the Su-25T was increased and some of the older Su-25Ks were distributed to WP countries, in this case an additional 12 were provided, adding a third squadron to the ORBAT.

1st Sqn 30th Grnd Atk Regt 34th FB Div Pardubice Su-25K 16 Frogfoot
2nd Sqn 30th Grnd Atk Regt 34th FB Div Pardubice Su-25K 16 Frogfoot
3rd Sqn 30th Grnd Atk Regt 34th FB Div Pardubice Su-25K 16 Frogfoot
30th Grnd Atk Regt 34th FB Div Pardubice Su-25UBK 2 Frogfoot

L-29 Delfin /L-39 Albatros

These Czechoslovakian designed and produced aircraft became the standard training aircraft throughout the Warsaw Pact and beyond, with many going to African and Asian WP aligned countries. The L-39ZA was an improved design able to conduct advanced training, light conduct ground attack and reconnaissance. The next evolution of this aircraft was the L-39MS (the ‘M’ variant was not produced) which was produced starting in 1989, real life intervened causing production to cease early but in Northern Fury this doesn’t happen and 24 were produced for the Czechoslovak Air Force by the start of 1994 in addition to sales to Egypt, Tunisia and other WP countries.

2nd Trg Regt (2 Sqns) Air Trg Wing Košice L-29 Delfin 80
2nd Trg Regt (1 Sqns) Air Trg Wing Košice L-39C 39
2nd Trg Regt (1 Sqns) Air Trg Wing Košice L-39ZA 30
3rd Sqn 47th Air Recce Regt 10th Air Army Hradec Králové L-39MS 24

Air Transport

A wide range of transport aircraft is flown by the 1st Mixed Air Transport Regiment in Ostrava. This unit provides all general transport requirements for the air force and also the army.

Sqn Type NATO Name Num
1st Sqn An-12 Cub 2 Tactical Transport, Para drop capable, 60 troops
1st Sqn An-24 Coke 8 Tactical Transport, Para drop capable, 44 troops
1st Sqn An-26 Curl 8 Tactical Transport, Para drop capable, 40 troops
2nd Sqn An-30 Clank 2 Development of An-24 for mapping and recon
2nd Sqn Yak-40 Codling 3 Passenger Transport, 32 passengers
2nd Sqn Tu-134 Crusty 2 Passenger Transport, 72 passengers
2nd Sqn Tu-154M Careless 4 Passenger Transport, 180 passengers
3rd Sqn Mi-17 Hip 20 General Transport Helicopter

Army Aviation

With a mix of attack and transport helicopters controlled by the air force, these aircraft form two Helicopter Regiments provide immediate ready forces to 1st Army with the 11th Helicopter Regiment while 51st Regiment provides mobilization forces to the other two Armies as required.

1st Sqn 11th Heli Regt 10th Air Army Plzeň Mi-24D 24 Hind D
2nd Sqn 11th Heli Regt 10th Air Army Plzeň Mi-24V 20 Hind E
3rd Sqn 11th Heli Regt 10th Air Army Plzeň Mi-17 20 Hip-H
1st Sqn 51th Heli Regt 10th Air Army Prostějov Mi-8TBK 20 Hip-K Atk
2nd Sqn 51th Heli Regt 10th Air Army Prostějov Mi-24D 24 Hind D
3rd Sqn 51th Heli Regt 10th Air Army Prostějov Mi-17 20 Hip-H
3rd Trg Regt (2 Sqns) Air Trg Wing Piešťany Mi-2 60 Hopelight