Bulgarian Military Sea Fleet
The Bulgarian navy, or Military Sea Fleet, was relatively small with limited capabilities. As the smallest element of the Bulgarian military the fleet was usually the last to receive funding, new equipment or government interest. The main role of the navy was to support the Soviet Black Sea Fleet in times of crisis.
The fleet is based in two locations; Varna, and Atia and consists mostly of Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) and minesweepers. In addition to as a limited number of amphibious and support ships, there are four frigates, three of them and the four submarines are all obsolete. The Bulgarian Navy is meant to operate in the Black Sea only and is materially unable to effectively venture beyond that.
Koni Class BGS Smeli (F-11), formerly SKR-825 Delfin in the Soviet Black Sea Fleet, was transferred to the Bulgarian Navy in 1989 when the old Riga class were stating to retire. Not very large or very modern, this ship represents a significant improvement in capability. The 4K33 "Osa-M" Surface to Air Missile (SAM) launcher, NATO designation SA-N-4 Gecko, has 20 reloads giving the ship a moderate missile umbrella out to about 13Km. The ASW suite is decent and she carries 2x 76mm guns as well as 2x 30mm cannons acting as a last ditch Close in Weapons System (CIWS).
Riga Class Two of the three ships of this class in the Bulgarian Navy are laid up in preservation by the stat of Northern Fury. The third, BGS Bodri (F-13), was modernized and was still in commission, although historically this ship was supposed to retire in late 1993. The Bodri, has four SAM launchers for the 9K32 Strela-2 missile, NATO designation SA-7 Grail, a Man Portable Air Defence System (MANPADS) with 16 missiles, and 2 CIWS 30mm cannons. The main weapon systems are the 3x100mm guns and some very dated ASW equipment. All are located at Varna and it is possible that at least one other has been modernized.
|Riga||F-11||Derzki||Laid up||3 months to deploy (Pennant change needed)|
|F-12||Smeli||Laid up||1 months to deploy (Name change needed)|
Tarantul Class The Bulgarian Navy received one of this class in 1992 from the Soviet Back Sea Fleet. With 4x P-15M (S-N-2C) Styx, Surface to Surface Missiles (SSM) and high speed (42 Knts), this is a potent little ship, weighing in at 495 tons. The BGS Malniya (P-101) is based at Atia.
Osa Class The Bulgarian Navy took delivery of three Osa I and three Osa II boats. The main improvement between the two sub classes was an improved version of the P-15 (S-N-2C) Styx SSM. All were based at Atia.
|Osa I||RKA-10||Uragan||Active||Project 205|
|Osa II||RKA-20||Smerch||Active||Project 205U|
Poti Class These rugged little ships provided excellent service and had a good ASW suite in a small package. The Bulgarian Navy operated six of these ships.
|PLK-41||Letjashhi||Active||Based at Atia|
|PLK-42||Bditelni||Active||Based at Atia|
|PLK-43||Naporisti||Active||Based at Atia|
|PLK-44||Khrabri||Active||Based at Atia|
|PLK-45||Strogi||Active||Based at Varna|
|PLK-46||Bezstrashni||Active||Based at Varna|
Pauk Class These two ships, based on the Tarantul class hull were transferred from the Soviet Black Sea Fleet in ’89 and ’92. They are more modern with improved weapons and sensors but do the same job ast the Poti class.
|PLK-13||Reshitelni||Active||Based at Varna|
|PLK-14||Bodri||Active||Based at Varna|
Shershen Class These six boats were obsolete by 1994, and historically were in various levels of readiness. In Northern Fury they are all in reserve status and will require a week or so to put them to sea.
Polnocny Class The two ships of this class formed the mainstay of the Bulgarian ‘Landing Ship’ Division. Each is able to lift a reinforced company sized unit of 10-12 armored vehicles or four tanks. All landing ships are based at Atia.
Vydra Class These are small, rugged landing craft able to lift three tanks or four other armored vehicles and about 100 troops. Of the 24 originally in service, 4 have been converted to minelayers and one to a general stores ship. The 19 remaining operate with the two Polocny class to form the Landing Ship Division.
Minesweepers: Some 24 -30 minesweeping craft were in operation, operating from both ports in roughly equal numbers.
6x Vanya class
4x Yevgenya class
4x Sonya class
6x Olya class
4x converted Vydra Class
Several others of various heritage and vintage
Pobeda (Romeo) Class These four boats are well past their prime, two have been decommissioned and will probably never sail again, the other two are limited in depth and range from port.
|Romeo||S 81||Pobeda||Decommissioned||Decommissioned since 1990|
|S 82||Viktoriya||Decommissioned||Decommissioned since 1992|