Alternative Cold War History 1994

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Turkish Navy

Turkish Navy

The Turkish Navy, similar to the Greek was a casualty of increased tensions. Historically the Turks started to receive cast off US Knox class Frigates in 1993, not to mention plans for several Oliver Hazard Perry class later in the decade. Of course these ships were not forthcoming because the USN was holding onto them. The Germans did sell Turkey their old Koln class Frigates (Classified as destroyers in Turkey), but the general lack of hulls available meant holding onto three Yucetepe class ships which are already well beyond their usable life.

Destroyers

Ex Gearing Class: Ten of the original 13 Gearing class Destroyers received from the US in the 1970s and early 80s remain in service. Some of these are World War Two veterans and are approaching 50 years old, although tired they have been modernized. Turkey holds ships that generally fall into three sub classes. The Fleet Rehabilitation and Modernization (FRAM) program produced two main variants: The FRAM I ships of the Yucetep Class focused on Anti-Surface warfare (ASuW) while the one remaining FRAM II ship and the two of the Alcitepe (Carpenter) class focused on Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) operations.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Yucetepe D 345 Yucetepe Tied Up
D 347 Savastepe Tied Up
D 349 Kilic Ali Pasa Tied Up
D 350 Piyale Pasa Tied Up
D 351 Mareşal Fevzi Tied Up
D 352 Gayret On Patrol Black Sea
D 352 Adatepe On Patrol Mediterranean Sea
Kocatepe D 354 Kocatepe On Patrol Mediterranean Sea
Alcitepe D 346 Alcitepe Tied Up
D 347 Anittepe On Patrol Black Sea

Gelibolu Class: These two Ex Koln class ships arrived from Germany in the 1980s. Turkey ended up purchasing four of this six ship class originally commissioned in the 60s, but one ship was destroyed in a fire and another was used for spare parts. The two ships in service provide important and reliable ASW work to augment the fleet of aging Gearings. These ships do not have missiles and rely on guns only for defence, but their ASW suites are reasonable.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Gelibolu D 360 Gelibolu Tied Up
D 361 Gemlik On Patrol Sea of Marmar

Frigates

Yavuz Class (MEKO 200): This modern class is a German designed modular warship with several variations, in three basic configurations (MEKO 140, 200, 360). The MEKO 200 is the most prolific with six nations either operating or building the design. The Turkish Navy’s Yavuz Class are large (3,000 tons) capable and well-rounded ships with Harpoon ASMs, Sea Sparrow air defence missiles, 3x Oerlikon Sea Zenith 25mm Close In Weapons Systems (CIWS), a 5” gun and facilities for an AB-212 ASW helicopter. The four ships were delivered in 1987-89 with two being built in Germany and the last two in Turkey. Plans to build another four of these ships are maturing for later in the decade.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Yavuz F 240 Yavuz Tied Up
F 241 Turgutreis Tied Up
F 242 Fatih On Patrol Black Sea
F 243 Yildrim On Patrol Mediterranean Sea

Fast Attack Craft

Dogan, Ruzgar Class: These two classes are almost identical, they are high speed (40 Knots), well-armed craft that are primarily built for the defence of the Bosporus approaches. Equipped with up to eight Harpoon Surface to Surface Missiles (SSM) for anti-shipping attack, an OTO Melara 76mm gun and twin 35mm AAA as well as electronic and physical countermeasures, these are very powerful ships.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Dogan P 340 Dogan Active
P 341 Marti Active
P 342 Tayfun Active
P 343 Volkan Active
Ruzgar P 344 Ruzgar Active
P 345 Poyraz Active
P 346 Gurbet Active
P 347 Firtina Active

Kartal Class: Based on the German Zobel class torpedo boats, nine were built in Germany in 1968-70, however one was lost (P 325 Meltem) in a collision with a Soviet navy ship in 1985. Armed with four Penguin Mk 2 missiles and two torpedoes along with two 40mm auto cannons for self-defence, these boats can move in at 40 knots and engage targets out to 34 Km range, impressive for such a small boat.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Kartal P 321 Denizkusu Active
P 322 Atmaco Active
P 323 Sahin Active
P 324 Kartal Active
P 326 Pelikan Active
P 327 Albatros Active
P 328 Simsek Active
P 329 Kasirga Active

Amphibious Vessels: All of these ships have pennant numbers prefixed with NL, indicating that they have a secondary role of mine layer (N) in addition to their primary role of landing ship (L)

Osman Gazi LST: These two ships (the second was historically canceled) were accelerated into service with the second being accepted in commission as Northern Fury commences. This is a capable Landing Ship which can carry 900 troops and 15 tanks. It has 20mm and 40mm self-defence AAA.

Bey Class LST: Three Turkish built vessels that can carry 600 troops and 11 tanks and 2 Landing Craft

Bayraktar/Ertuğrul Class LST: These two Ex-US Terrebonne Parish class vessels can carry 400 troops and 10 tanks.

LCT: Six Ex British LCT Mk IV, 31 Ex French EDIC type LCT, 15 Ex US LCU, 30 Ex-US LCM-8 and about 16 Ex Turkish built LCTs.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Osman Gazi LST NL-125 Osman Gazi
NL-126 Orhan Gazi
Bey Class LST NL-122 Çakabey
NL-123 Sarucabey
NL-124 Karamürselbey
Bayraktar NL-120 Bayraktar
NL-121 Sancaktar
LCT/LCU/LCM 98 various types

Ex US LSM 1: In addition to the landing ships listed above these five 1,000 ton ships are converted specifically for mine laying.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Ex US LSM 1 N 101 Mordoğan
N 102 Meriç
N 103 Marmaris
N 104 Mersin
N 105 Mürefte

Mine Sweepers: Turkey does not have any Mine Hunters but has a variety of older mine sweepers of US, French and Canadian origin, some received third hand from other users. The primary role is to keep the shipping channel through the Bosporus and Dardanelles open.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Cape Class M 500 Foça Ex US MSI-15
M 501 Fethiye Ex US MSI-16
M 502 Fatsa Ex US MSI-17
M 503 Finike Ex US MSI-18
Adjutant Class M 507 Seymen Ex Belgian De Panne
M 508 Selçuk Ex French Pavot
M 509 Seyhan Ex French Renoncule
MSC 268 Class M 510 Samsun Ex US MSC-268
M 511 Sinop Ex US MSC-270
M 512 Sürmene Ex US MSC-271
M 513 Seddülbahír Ex US MSC-272
MSC 294 Class M 514 Silifke Ex US MSC-304
M 515 Saros Ex US MSC-305
M 516 Sigacik Ex US MSC-311
M 517 Sapanca Ex US MSC-312
M 518 Sariyer Ex US MSC-315
Mercure Class M-520 Karamürsel Ex- French Worms
(German Vegesack) M-521 Kerempe Ex- French Detmold
M-522 Kilimli Ex- French Siegen
M-523 Kozlu Ex- French Hameln
M-524 Kuşadası Ex- French Vegesack
M-525 Kemer Ex- French Passau
Bay Class M 532 Tirebolu Ex Canadian Comox

Submarines:

Turkey operates a sizable submarine force but only the Atilay (Type 209/1200) class can be considered modern and capable. The remainder hail from the Post World War Two era and are ready for retirement. A more modern class yet, the Preveze (Type 209/1400) class is due to start entering service later in 1994, allowing the older boats to be put to rest. Turkey is destined to be the largest operator of the Type 209 boats in the world but they are not yet there in 1994.

Atilay Class: These are German Type 209/1200 boats; quiet, small, efficient and maneuverable. Armed with torpedoes, mines and/or Harpoon SSMs these are perfect submarines for the confined waters of the Black or Aegean Sea.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Atilay S 347 Atilay Tied Up
S 348 Saldiray On Patrol Black Sea
S 349 Batiray Tied Up
S 350 Yildiray Tied Up
S 351 Doganay On Patrol Black Sea
S 352 Dolunay On Patrol Mediterranean Sea

Guppy/Tang Class: There are three older classes of submarine in operation. Two versions of the GUPPY (Greater Underwater Propulsion Power System) class and the Tang class, all ex-USN boats built in the early 1950s. All of these boats were developments on World War Two German designs and were evolutionary in nature. For our purposes they have about the same capabilities, the Tang is a derivative of the GUPPY types and is therefore slightly more capable and also larger. None can hope to survive long in a modern conflict with capable ASW forces.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Tang S 342 Hizirreis Ex-USS Tang (SS-563)
S 343 Pirireis Ex-USS Gudgeon (SS-567)
Guppy III S 333 Ikinci Inonu Ex-USS Corporal (SS-346)
S 341 Canakkale Ex-USS Cobbler (SS-344)
Guppy IIA S 335 Burakreis Ex-USS Sea Fox (SS-402)
S 336 Muratreis Ex-USS Razorback (SS-394)
S 338 Ulucalireis Ex-USS Thornback (SS-418)
S 340 Cerbe Ex-USS Trutta (SS-421)
S 346 Birinci Inonu Ex-USS Threadfin (SS-410)

Service Ships: The Turkish Navy has one replenishment Oiler in service and one building. This ship allows the Turkish Navy to venture beyond its traditional patrol areas and complete tasks world-wide. The Akar class carries 16,000 tons of fuel and a small amount of dry goods.

Class Pennant Name Status Remarks
Akar AO A-580 Akar
A-595 Yarbay Kudret Gungor Building Commission in 1995