Alternative Cold War History 1994

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Portuguese Air Force

Portuguese Air Force

The Portuguese Air Force is in transition. After several decades focusing on Colonial issues, primarily in Africa, the Força Aérea Portuguesa are struggling to dispose of older 1950’s based aircraft and become more modern. World tension however is making that difficult. Without a domestic aircraft industry to speak of, Portugal is at the mercy of suppliers. Because it allows the US to use the key base at Lajes on the Azores Portugal is now, after significant diplomatic effort, being compensated and is in the process of receiving their first Squadron of F-16’s from the US, against the wishes of the USAF which is working hard to use every F-16 available. The first 6 of 20 F-16’s have been delivered (6 months earlier than historic, 4x F-16OCU (Blk 15) and 2 F-16B).

A-7 Corsair: A large portion of the Portuguese air force is committed to the A-7P light attack aircraft which were second hand US Navy aircraft upgraded to the latest variant. Two Squadrons operate out of Monte Real. These 30-year-old aircraft are rugged but well used and are due to be replaced by F-16s.

Alpha Jet

In another ‘Aircraft for Base’ deal, Germany has supplied Portugal with 50 Dornier Alpha Jets as compensation for using the base at Beja as the Luftwaffe’s air combat training base. Although Germany was going to renege on the deal, pressure from the US, UK, France and Spain convinced them to deliver. These aircraft replaced the aging Fiat G.91s in the close support role and the 1950’s era Cessna T-37 Tweet in the attack training role.

C-130 Hercules: The Portuguese operate 6 ‘H’ model Hercules, although 3 are more modern H2 and H3 versions. Tactual transport and general duties keep these workhorses quite busy.

C-212 Avocar: A very versatile, European built tactical transport that has many variants. Shown here is the Maritime Patrol Variant with a radar in the nose and a magnetic anomaly detector along the forward fuselage. Electronic Warfare, Photo Reconnaissance and general transport variants are also used by the Portuguese Air Force.

P3P Orion: The Portuguese Air Force, which is also responsible for Maritime Patrol and support to the Portuguese Navy has been operating the P-3 Orion since 1985. These six aircraft were surplus Australian P-3Bs upgraded to a ‘C’ standard. Flown by 601 Squadron Lobos (Wolves) they operate out of Beja but routinely have aircraft at Lejes in the Azores. This unit operates with both American and Spanish P-3’s conducting ASW duties in the Eastern Atlantic and particularly on the approaches to the Mediterranean Sea.

Sqn Name Location # of AC Type of AC
103 Caracóis Beja 24 Alpha Jet
201 Falcons Monte Real 4 F-16A
301 Jaguars Beja 24 Alpha Jet
302 Royal Eagles Monte Real 20 A-7P
304 Magnificos Monte Real 20 A-7P
401 Scientists Montijo 6 C-212 (MPA, PR, EW)
501 Bison Montijo 6 C-130H
502 Elephant Montijo 8 C-212
503 Dolphins Lajes 8 C-212
504 Lynxes Lisbon 2 Falcon 50
551 Aligators Montijo 24 Alouette III SA 319
552 Drones Beja 24 Alouette III SA 319
601 Lobos Beja 6 P-3P Orion