Alternative Cold War History 1994

Facebook | Twitter | Blog | Email us

Portuguese Air Force

Portuguese Air Force

The Portuguese Air Force is in transition. After several decades focusing on Colonial issues, primarily in Africa, the Força Aérea Portuguesa are struggling to dispose of older 1950’s based aircraft and become more modern. World tension however is making that difficult. Without a domestic aircraft industry to speak of, Portugal is at the mercy of suppliers. Because it allows the US to use the key base at Lajes on the Azores Portugal is now, after significant diplomatic effort, being compensated and is in the process of receiving their first Squadron of F-16’s from the US.


Against the wishes of the USAF, which is working hard to use every F-16 available, the US Government has recently provided Portugal with 20 F-16s through the Peace Atlantis I program as payment for the use of Lajes Air Base in the Azors. The first six have been delivered a few months earlier than historic, the 4x F-16A and 2 F-16B are Block 15 OCU (Operational Capability Upgrade) and almost identical to the US Air National Guard ADF (Air Defence Fighter) used for NORAD tasks. Therefore, they have the ability to fire the Aim-7M Sparrow and Aim-9L Sidewinder missiles

A-7 Corsair

A large portion of the Portuguese air force is committed to the A-7P light attack aircraft which were second hand US Navy aircraft upgraded to the latest variant. Two Squadrons operate out of Monte Real. These 30-year-old workhorses are rugged but well used and will eventually be replaced by F-16s.

Alpha Jet

In another ‘Aircraft for Base’ deal, Germany has supplied Portugal with 50 Dornier Alpha Jets as compensation for using the base at Beja as the Luftwaffe’s air combat training center. Although Germany was going to renege on the deal (in Northern Fury), pressure from the US, UK, France and Spain convinced them to deliver. These aircraft replaced the aging Fiat G.91s in the close support role and the 1950’s era Cessna T-37 Tweet in the attack training role.

C-130 Hercules

The Portuguese operate 6 ‘H’ model Hercules, although 3 are the more modern H2 and H3 versions. Tactual transport and general duties keep them quite busy.

C-212 Avocar

Twenty-four of these very versatile, European built tactical transports of several variants are used by the Portuguese Air Force. Shown here is one of the two the Maritime Patrol Variant with a radar in the nose and a magnetic anomaly detector along the forward fuselage. Two Electronic Warfare (EW), two Photo Reconnaissance (PR) and 16 general transport variants are also used.

P3P Orion

The Portuguese Air Force, which is also responsible for Maritime Patrol and support to the Navy has been operating the P-3 Orion since 1985. These six aircraft were surplus Australian P-3Bs upgraded to a ‘C’ standard. Flown by 601 Squadron Lobos (Wolves) they operate out of Beja but routinely have aircraft at Lejes in the Azores. This unit operates with both American and Spanish P-3’s conducting ASW duties in the Eastern Atlantic and particularly on the approaches to the Mediterranean Sea.

Falcon 20 & 50

Portugal operates three Falcon 20 and two Falcon 50 for general and VIP transport, medical emergencies and other high priority duties.

Alouette III

Originally Portugal operated 142 of these like utility/transport helicopters, primarily to support the army during colonial wars in Africa in the 60s’ and 70s’ but this number has been reduced to about 24. Historically after budget cuts in 1986 and 1993 this was reduced to eight helicopters but in Northern Fury these final cuts were either not made or reversed. These helicopters are used for general transport, tactical support of the army and navy, flight instruction, and air demonstration team and coastal search and rescue.

Sqn Name Location # of AC Type of AC
103 Caracóis Beja 24 Alpha Jet
201 Falcons Monte Real 4 F-16A
301 Jaguars Beja 24 Alpha Jet
302 Royal Eagles Monte Real 20 A-7P
304 Magnificos Monte Real 20 A-7P
401 Scientists Montijo 6 C-212 (MPA, PR, EW)
501 Bison Montijo 6 C-130H
502 Elephant Montijo 8 C-212
503 Dolphins Lajes 8 C-212
504 Lynxes Lisbon 3/2 Falcon 20/50
551 Aligators Montijo 12 Alouette III SA 319
552 Zangoes Beja 12 Alouette III SA 319
601 Lobos Beja 6 P-3P Orion