Alternative Cold War History 1994

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Netherlands Navy

Netherlands Navy

The Royal Netherlands Navy dates back to the 16th century where it was one of the most powerful navies in the world, fighting against most of its European neighbours. Today it is a much more modest force but carries on long standing traditions of duty and seamanship. Based largely on Frigates this very capable navy has some excellent ships.

Tromp Class

Built to be Task Group (TG) Flagships, these two area air defence ships would be classed as Destroyers in most other navies. At 4000 tons and carrying both long range ‘Standard’ Surface to Air Missiles (SAM) for air defence and short range ‘Sea Sparrow’, these ships could simultaneously protect the TG and themselves. Commissioned in 1975 & 76 they are approaching their mid life point in Northern Fury.

Pennant Ship Status Location Task
F801 Tromp Dry Dock Amsterdam
F806 De Ruyter Active North Sea High Readiness

Karel Doorman Class

These multi-purpose ships are emerging from the building yards as war starts. The lead ship in the Class was commissioned in 1991, while the 6th ship was rushed into commission in December of 1993, the 7th is fitting out and should be commissioned in several months, leaving only the last ship in the class on the sidelines. Although not overly capable in any one role, these ships provide very capable and modern sensors to a TG and, like most Frigates, make an excellent life support system for an Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) helicopter, in this case the Westland Lynx.

Pennant Ship Status Location Task
F827 Karel Doorman Active Baltic Patrol
F829 Willem van der Zaan Active Mediterranean Cruise
F830 Tjerk Hiddes Active North Sea Training
F831 Van Amstel Active North Sea Port Call London
F832 Abraham van der Hulst Active Rotterdam Maintenance
F833 Van Nes Active North Sea STANAVFORLANT
F834 Van Galen Fitting out Amsterdam
F828 Van Speijk Building Amsterdam

Kortenaer Class

This class of 10 ships were very similar to the German Bremen class and were primarily an ASW patrol and escort ship. Slightly larger than the Karel Doorman class these ships carried two helicopters, but otherwise had a similar armament and older sensors.

Pennant Ship Status Location Task
F807 Kortenaer Active North Sea Training
F808 Callenburgh Active West Pacific Port Call NZ
F809 Van Kinsbergen Active Den Helder Tied up
F810 Banckert Active Carribian Patrol
F811 Piet Heyn Active Den Helder Tied up
F816 Abraham Crijnssen Refit Rotterdam
F823 Philips van Almonde Active Den Helder Tied up
F824 Bloys van Treslong Active Atlantic Transit from US
F825 Jan van Brakel Active South Atlantic Port Call Buenos Aires
F826 Pieter Florisz Active Den Helder Tied up

Jacob van Heemskerck Class

These two ships were based on the Kortenaer class, modified to replace the ASW helicopters with the same AD capabilities as the Tromp class with 40 ‘Standard’ medium range SAMs and 24 ‘Sea Sparrow’ point defence SAMs. The lack of helicopters meant that these ships needed to pair up with a Kortenaer class to have ASW protection, but they could perform the role of an AD Destroyer from the hull of a Frigate.

Pennant Ship Status Location Task
F812 Jacob van Heemskerck Active Den Helder Tied up
F813 Witte de With Active North Sea Training

Alkmaar class Minehunter

This is the Dutch version of the Tripartite class. Conceived and built together with the French and Belgians this class of ship is the modern mainstay of NATO’s mine hunting force. The Netherlands has 15 of these vessels. NATO has three ‘Standing NATO Mine Countermeasures Groups’ (SNMCMG): SNMCMG-1 normally remains in northern Europe and is stationed in the English Channel. SNMCMG-2 is in the Mediterranean and is usually operating in the Adriatic off of Croatia. Finally, SNMCMG-3 (only in the Northern Fury world) is stationed in Djibouti and patrols the entrance to the Red Sea.

Pennant Ship Status Location Task
M850 Alkmaar Active Den Helder Tied up
M851 Delfzijl Active Den Helder Tied up
M852 Dordrecht Active Ostend SNMCMG1
M853 Haarlem Active Den Helder Tied up
M854 Harlingen Active Den Helder Tied up
M855 Scheveningen Active Ostend SNMCMG1
M856 Maasluis Active Den Helder Tied up
M857 Makkum Active Den Helder Tied up
M858 Middelburg Active Ostend SNMCMG1
M859 Hellevoetsluis Active Ostend SNMCMG1
M860 Schiedam Active Den Helder Tied up
M861 Urk Active Den Helder Tied up
M862 Zierikzee Active Mediterranean SNMCMG2
M863 Vlaardingen Active Mediterranean SNMCMG2
M864 Willemstad Active Mediterranean SNMCMG3

AOR (Fast Replenishment Ships)

In 1994 the Dutch Navy had two replenishment ships. HNLMS Poolster was about to go out of service later in 1994 and HNLMS Zuidekruis which was based on the Poolster’s design but was 10 years newer. These two ships provided underway replenishment for the remainder of the navy and other NATO navies as well.

Pennant Ship Status Location Task
A835 Poolster Active Den Helder Tied up
A832 Zuiderkruis Active Den Helder Tied up

Submarines

Due to increased tensions, the last of the Walrus class boats was accelerated into service, being commissioned in Jan instead of July of 1994. All other classes were retired including the two Zwaardvis class boats which were decommissioned early.

Walrus Class

These four boats are excellent blue water SSKs which are extremely quiet due to an advanced tail configuration. These boats are fast, quiet and deadly.

Pennant Ship Status Location Task
S802 Walrus Active North Sea Patrol
S803 Zeeleeuw Active Atlantic Patrol
S808 Dolfijn Active Den Helder Tied up
S810 Bruinvis Fitting out Den Helder Tied up

Maritime Aviation

P-3C Orion

The Royal Netherlands Navy operates two Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA) using the P-3C aircraft, a total of 13 were acquired. Both 320 and 321 Squadrons operated out of Valkenburg. Although each Sqn operates six aircraft, there are two permanently located at Curacao in the Caribbean and two more permanently located an NAS Sigonella in the Mediterranean.

Lynx

Three different versions of this helicopter were used: The Mk.25 (SH-14A) was used for utility and SAR missions, six were used and they are being upgraded to the (SH-14B) model. The 18 Mk.27 initially received had basic ASW capability and have been upgraded to the Mk.81/SH-14C standard by adding a Magnetic Anomaly Detector (MAD). The SH-14C are capable of carrying out the SAR task as well.