Alternative Cold War History 1994

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German Navy

German Navy

The Bundesmarine is primarily a focused on control of the western Baltic sea, although they have interests in the North Sea and routinely send units to exercise and patrol with NATO forces. Maintaining Naval bases on both sides of the Jutland peninsula; Kiel on the Baltic in the east and Wilhelmshaven on the North Sea in the West joined by the Kiel canal for the exact purpose of transferring naval power form one coast to the other adds significant flexibility. As a rule, the larger ships, except the Lutjens Class Destroyers are based at Wilhelmshaven with easy access to the North Sea and Atlantic while the submarines, patrol boats, mine warfare craft and missile boats are at Kiel ready to join the Danes in defending the Baltic Approaches.

Destroyers

Hamburg Class: Built in the early 1960s these were the first warships built in Germany since the Second World War. They were not popular, had many faults, poor sea keeping characteristics, but they were useful in demonstrating that Germany could help protect the sea lanes that were key to its renewed growth. Built as an all gun ship, modernization in the 1980s replaced one of the 100mm gun turrets with Exocet Anti-Ship Missiles (ASM), obsolete Bofors guns were replaced with new Breda L70 40mm cannon, the radar and combat systems were improved. One of the original four ships retired in 1990 and the remaining three were historically decommissioned between December 1993 and December 1994, in Northern Fury those three remain active.

Pennant Class Ship Status Location Task
D 181 Hamburg Hamburg Active In Port
D 182 Hamburg Schleswig-Holstein Active In Port
D 183 Hamburg Bayern Active Baltic Patrol

Lutjens Class: These three ships were derived from the US Charles F. Adams Class of DDGs, although the differences between the two were not operationally significant. The primary role of this class was air defence and had been upgraded over time to field both the Standard SM-1MR medium range Surface to Air Missiles (SAM) and the RAM (Rolling Airframe Missile) short range SAM. Considering that they were built in 1969/70, their air defense capabilities were quite good.

Pennant Class Ship Status Location Task
D 185 Lütjens Lütjens Active In Port
D 186 Lütjens Mölders Active In Port
D 187 Lütjens Rommel Active North Sea Patrol

Frigates

Bremen Class: The eight ships of this class form the backbone of the Germany Navy. Designed for Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) using the Dutch design for the very successful Kortenaer Class as a basis, they were all commissioned between 1982 and 1990 and were well rounded ships. The main purpose was protecting the sea lanes and contributing to convoy operations. They each carried two Lynx ASW helicopters, Harpoon ASMs and short range Sea-Sparrow SAMs and are being fitted with the RAM system as well.

Pennant Class Ship Status Location Task
F 207 Bremen Bremen Active In Port
F 208 Bremen Niedersachsen Active Baltic Patrol
F 209 Bremen Rheinland-Pfalz Active North Sea Patrol
F 210 Bremen Emden Active Med Training
F 211 Bremen Köln Active In Port
F 212 Bremen Karlsruhe Active North Sea Patrol
F 213 Bremen Augsburg Active In Port
F 214 Bremen Lübeck Active In Port

Brandenburg Class: FGS Brandenburg is the first of a four ship class designed to replace the Hamburg Class Destroyers. Her construction has been accelerated by about six months due to the re-emerging threat, and is in Wilhelmshaven completing her final fitting out before commissioning at war start. The other three ships have also been accelerated but are at least a year away from commissioning. Equipped with 2 Lynx ASW helicopters, Exocet ASM, Sea Sparrow, RAM and very modern sensors, these will be a valuable addition to the fleet.

Pennant Class Ship Status Location Task
F 215 Brandenburg Brandenburg Fitting out In Port Mar 94
F 216 Brandenburg Schleswig-Holstein Launched Feb 95
F 217 Brandenburg Bayern Launched Mar 95
F 218 Brandenburg Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Building Jun 96

Fast Attack Craft: The role of these ships is to defend the western end of the Baltic sea and in conjunction with the Danish Navy, prevent Soviet forces from escaping through the Baltic Approaches into the North Sea. All are based at Neustadt Navy Base, 40 nautical miles South East of Kiel and remain at high readiness to sortie quickly against any threat. The NATO pennant numbers are prefixed with ‘P’ while the local German pennant number is only two digits and is prefixed with an ‘S’.

Albatros Class: Equipped with Exocet ASMs, torpedoes, and two 76mm Oto-Melara gun, these 400 tonne boats attack at 40Knts and depend on their speed, maneuverability and a few decoys to escape.

Pennant Class Ship Status Location Task
P 6111 (S61) Albatros Albatros Active In Port
P 6112 (S62) Albatros Falke Active In Port
P 6113 (S63) Albatros Geier Active In Port
P 6114 (S64) Albatros Bussard Active In Port
P 6115 (S65) Albatros Sperber Active In Port
P 6116 (S66) Albatros Greif Active In Port
P 6117 (S67) Albatros Kondor Active In Port
P 6118 (S68) Albatros Seeadler Active Baltic Patrol
P 6119 (S69) Albatros Habicht Active In Port
P 6120 (S70) Albatros Kormoran Active In Port

Gepard Class: Similarly equipped to the Albatros Class, the Gepards are a decade newer, have only one gun, more decoys and are equipped with the RAM short range SAM system with 21 missiles.

Pennant Class Ship Status Location Task
P 6121 (S71) Gepard Gepard Active In Port
P 6122 (S72) Gepard Puma Active In Port
P 6123 (S73) Gepard Hermelin Active In Port
P 6124 (S74) Gepard Nerz Active Baltic Patrol
P 6125 (S75) Gepard Zobel Active In Port
P 6126 (S76) Gepard Frettchen Active In Port
P 6127 (S77) Gepard Dachs Active In Port
P 6128 (S78) Gepard Ozelot Active In Port
P 6129 (S79) Gepard Wiesel Active In Port
P 6130 (S80) Gepard Hyäne Active In Port

Tiger Class: The oldest of the three classes of FAC in the German Navy, these have Exocet ASMs and two Oto-Melara 76mm guns, but also a Bofors 40mm gun instead of SAMs. Slightly slower and 130 tonnes lighter than the other two classes, the 20 boats of the Tiger Class will have difficulty surviving in the highly contested Baltic Approaches.

Pennant Class Ship Status Location Task
P 6140 (S40) Tiger Kalypso Active In Port
P 6141 (S41) Tiger Tiger Active In Port
P 6142 (S42) Tiger Iltis Active In Port
P 6143 (S43) Tiger Luchs Active In Port
P 6144 (S44) Tiger Marder Active In Port
P 6145 (S45) Tiger Leopard Active In Port
P 6146 (S46) Tiger Fuchs Active In Port
P 6147 (S47) Tiger Jaguar Active In Port
P 6148 (S48) Tiger Löwe Active In Port
P 6149 (S49) Tiger Wolf Active In Port
P 6150 (S50) Tiger Panther Active In Port
P 6151 (S51) Tiger Häher Active In Port
P 6152 (S52) Tiger Storch Active In Port
P 6153 (S53) Tiger Pelikan Active In Port
P 6154 (S54) Tiger Elster Active In Port
P 6155 (S55) Tiger Alk Active In Port
P 6156 (S56) Tiger Dommel Active In Port
P 6157 (S57) Tiger Weihe Active In Port
P 6158 (S58) Tiger Pinguin Active In Port
P 6159 (S59) Tiger Reiher Active In Port
P 6160 (S60) Tiger Kranich Active In Port

Submarines: German shipyards build some of the best diesel powered submarines in the world – for other navies! The only submarines, or U-Boats operated by the Germany Navy are the Type 205 and 206 designs, far smaller and less effective, but cheaper to build and operate than the Type 209/210 designs that are used by a dozen (in 1994) countries around the world. Design and testing is ongoing for the most advanced versions of the type 209 and even the type 212/214. Still the German boats are very effective and well suited for the shallow and confined waters of the Baltic Sea.

Type 205/205A: Only four boats remain active in this class, although two were supposed to retire in 1993, they did not. At a displacement of 450 tonnes submerged and with a crew of 22, these are very small, but also very quiet subs. The Type 205 had a single hull, the Type 205A had a double hull, neither were non-magnetic but had hulls made of a much better and less magnetic steel than earlier designs.

Pennant Class Ship Status Location Task
S 188 Type 205 U-9 Active Baltic On Patrol
S 189 Type 205 U-10 Active In Port
S 190 Type 205A U-12 Active In Port
S 191 Type 205A U-12 Active In Port

Type 206: This type is not much larger than the Type 205 but its systems are more advanced and it has a non-magnetic steel hull. 18 were built and 12 were upgraded to the Type 206A standard with a new sonar, periscopes, weapons control system, ability to use newer torpedoes and a refurbished propulsion system.

Pennant Class Ship Status Location Task
S 192 Type 206 U-13 Active In Port
S 193 Type 206 U-14 Active In Port
S 194 Type 206A U-15 Active In Port
S 195 Type 206A U-16 Active In Port
S 196 Type 206A U-17 Active In Port
S 197 Type 206A U-18 Active In Port
S 198 Type 206 U-19 Active In Port
S 199 Type 206 U-20 Active In Port
S 170 Type 206 U-21 Active In Port
S 171 Type 206A U-22 Active In Port
S 172 Type 206A U-23 Active In Port
S 173 Type 206A U-24 Active In Port
S 174 Type 206A U-25 Active In Port
S 175 Type 206A U-26 Active In Port
S 176 Type 206 U-27 Active In Port
S 177 Type 206A U-28 Active Baltic Patrol
S 178 Type 206A U-29 Active In Port
S 179 Type 206A U-30 Active In Port
S 194 Type 206A U-15 Active In Port