Alternative Cold War History 1994

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Canadian Navy

Canadian Navy

Canada’s Navy was primarily focused on ASW work in the North Atlantic, although a Squadron was always available in the Pacific to patrol the west coast and work with the US 7th Fleet and Asian allies.

Tribal Class Destroyers: These four ships had just finished a mid-life modernization program (TRUMP - Tribal Update and Modernization Project), making them quite capable. They routinely operated as a flagship for ASW task groups or within the ASW escort of a US CVBG.

Pennant Ship Status Location Task
DDH 280 Iroquois Active Atlantic STANAVFORLANT
DDH 281 Huron Active Pacific
DDH 282 Athabaskan Active Atlantic
DDH 283 Algonquin Active Atlantic Standing TG

Halifax (City) Class Frigates represented a long awaited infusion of modern capabilities into the RCN. In Northern Fury, four (of 12) members of this class are available, with three more being commissioned three months early and arriving for operations during the campaign. The remaining five will be commissioned beyond the scope of Northern Fury.

Pennant Ship Status Location Available
FFH 330 Halifax Active Atlantic
FFH 331 Vancouver Active Pacific
FFH 332 Ville de Québec Commissioning Atlantic Apr-94
FFH 333 Toronto Active Atlantic
FFH 334 Regina Active Pacific
FFH 335 Calgary Building Jul-95
FFH 336 Montréal Commissioning Atlantic Apr-94
FFH 337 Fredericton Commissioning Atlantic May-94
FFH 338 Winnipeg Building Jun-96
FFH 339 Charlottetown Building Sep-95
FFH 340 St. John‘s Building Jun-96
FFH 341 Ottawa Building Sep-96

The Steamers: The ships the Halifax class was replacing were all commissioned in the late ‘50s or early ‘60s and were of marginal capability at best. Representing four different classes these 14 ships were all due for retirement after over 30 years of hard use in the North Atlantic or North Pacific. Essentially they remained active as life support systems for very effective towed array variable depth sonars (VDS) and the Sea King Helicopter carried on Annapolis and St Laurent classes (6 Ships).

Pennant Class ship Status Location
DDH 265 Annapolis Annapolis Active Pacific
DDH 266 Annapolis Nipigon Active Atlantic
DDE 261 Mackenzie Mackenzie Tied Up Pacific
DDE 262 Mackenzie Saskatchewan Tied Up Pacific
DDE 263 Mackenzie Yukon Tied Up Pacific
DDE 264 Mackenzie Qu‘Appelle Tied Up Pacific
DDE 236 Imp Restigouche Gatineau Active Pacific
DDE 257 Imp Restigouche Restigouche Active Pacific
DDE 258 Imp Restigouche Kootenay Active Pacific
DDE 259 Imp Restigouche Terra Nova Active Pacific
DDH 207 St Laurent Skeena Active Atlantic
DDH 229 St Laurent Ottawa Tied Up Atlantic
DDH 230 St Laurent Margaree Tied Up Atlantic
DDH 233 St Laurent Fraser Active Atlantic

Improved Restigouche Class

Mackenzie Class

St Laurent Class

Provider Class The RCN also operated three replenishment oilers (AO), the Provider was the prototype for the other two which are larger and have improved systems, generally speaking there was one on each coast with the third on the Atlantic coast either undergoing refit or committed to NATO operations. These ships had strengthened hulls for operations in icy waters but they were not icebreakers, they also have accommodation for a Flag Officer and staff as well as an 8-bed hospital and facilities for 3x CH-124 Sea King helicopters (Provider has 2).

Pennant Ship Status Location Task
AOR 508 Provider Active Pacific
AOR 509 Protecteur Active Atlantic
AOR 510 Preserver Active Atlantic

Submarines

The RCN operated three Oberon Class submarines ‘O-Boats’. All had recently undergone an upgrade program (Submarine Operational Update Program (SOUP)) and were ready for another decade of service. Ojibwa was built to Royal Navy (RN) standards and modified before commissioning while the other two were built from the keel up as Canadian Boats. Historically two more O-Boats were acquired but not commissioned: HMS Olympus for training and HMS Osiris for spare parts. While the Olympus arrived in 1989, Osiris remains in service with the RN. All three active boats are based in Halifax.

Pennant Ship Status Location Task
S74 Ojibwa Active Atlantic
S75 Okanagan Active Atlantic
S76 Onondaga Active Atlantic