Alternative Cold War History 1994

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Frigates

Italian Frigates

Italy operates Six classes of Frigate and Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPV) comprising 30 ships. Used primarily for Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) escort work and showing the flag around the globe. These ships are generally modern and quite capable, only the Alpino class could be considered nearing obsolescence and they had many systems modernized in the 1980s, most others are less than 20 or even 10 years old. All but the Minerva class operate ASW helicopters. Sparviero-class patrol boats are also included in this section for convenience, they are not Frigates.

Maestrale Class: This class of eight general purpose ASW Frigates were commissioned in the early ‘80s and widely used by the Italian Navy on many operations. For air defense they have the Italian designed Aspide short range surface to air missiles (SAM) augmented by 20mm and 40mm cannon. In addition to the 127mm gun, these ships use four Italian designed Otomat Mk2 Surface to Surface Missiles (SSM) for anti-ship targeting. ASW work is carried out by two AB-212 Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) helicopters backed up by onboard torpedos and sonar.

Class Pennant Name Task Remarks
Maestrale F 570 Maestrale Atlantic
F 571 Grecale
F 572 Libeccio
F 573 Scirocco
F 574 Aliseo Gulf of Oman
F 575 Euro
F 576 Espero
F 577 Zeffiro

Lupo/Artigliere Class: The Lupo was a general purpose ASW frigate commissioned into the Italian Navy in the late ‘80s, it enjoyed some commercial success, Peru acquiring four and Venezuela purchasing another six. The Artigliere class were originally destined for Iraq as the Soldati class but they were seized during the Gulf war and outfitted as OPVs with all ASW equipment removed. Historically this seizure happened in 93 with the ships commissioning in 94-96, for Northern Fury the seizure happened in 1991 and they were all commissioned by the end of 1993. For air defense they have the Aspide short range SAMs augmented by 40mm cannon. For anti-ship targeting there are eight Otomat Mk2 SSM and a the 127mm gun. ASW work on the Lupo ships is carried out by an AB-212 Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) helicopters backed up by onboard torpedos and sonar. The Artigliere ships have double the number of Aspide SAMs but no sonar or onboard torpedoes, they do have a helicopter which can carry out ASW work but it is primarily for maritime patrolling.

Class Pennant Name Task Remarks
Lupo F-564 Lupo Persian Gulf
F-565 Sagittario TG Garibaldi9
F-566 Perseo STANAVFORLANT
F-567 Orsa
Artigliere F-582 Artigliere
F-583 Aviere Adriatic Sea
F-584 Bersagliere Philippines
F-585 Granatiere

Alpino Class: Although these are the oldest of the ASW Frigates in the Italian Navy they were both modernized in the 1980s with updated sonar and electronic warfare equipment. The class introduced variable depth sonar and on board helicopters to the Italian Navy but they are severely lacking in air defense or anti shipping capability, having only Oto-Melara 76mm guns.

Class Pennant Name Task Remarks
Alpino F 580 Alpino
F 581 Carabiniere

Minerva Class: This is a class of coastal ASW ship that are probably better described as a Corvette due to their small size of 1,200 tons. They all carry a single Oto-Melara 76mm gun, and onboard sonars and Torpedoes while four of them carry eight Aspide SAMs in an Albatross launcher and the other four carry six Otomat Mk2 SSM

Class Pennant Name Task Remarks
Minerva (Albatross) F 551 Minerva
F 552 Urania
F 553 Danaide
F 554 Sfinge
Minerva (Otomat F 555 Driade
F 556 Chimera
F 557 Fenice
F 558 Sibilla

Cassiopea Class OPV: These four ships are all less than five years old but are small at 1,500 tons and designed for long endurance cruising as opposed to fighting in a high intensity war zone. The only weapons are a single Oto-Melara 76mm gun, two 25mm cannon and some machine guns. They operate an AB-212 helicopter.

Class Pennant Name Task Remarks
Cassiopea P 401 Cassiopea
P 402 Libra Persian Gulf
P 403 Spica Indian Ocean
P 404 Vega

Sparviero-class patrol boat: These little 60 ton Hydrofoil boats are more properly called Fast Attack Craft (FAC). They have a speed of 50 knots and carry two Otomat ASM missiles and a single Oto-Melara 76mm gun. With a crew of 10 they are hit and run weapon systems designed for the congested Adriatic Sea.

Class Pennant Name Task Remarks
Sparviero P 420 Sparviero Reserve
P 421 Nibbio
P 422 Falcone
P 423 Astore
P 424 Grifone
P 425 Gheppio
P 426 Condor